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Lewis William Money

                                 /-- Money Family Tree History
                                 |
                            /-- Jacob Money Sr. (b. c. 1748-Person County, N. Carolina)
                            |
                       /-- William Money Sr. (b. c. 1774-Person County, N. Carolina)
                       |    |
                       |    \-- Susannah (Money)
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                  /-- Allen Money (b. c. 1802-Surry County, N. Carolina)
                 |     |
                 |     \-- Eady Cooper (b. c. 1776)
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            /-- Mary (Polly) Elizabeth Money (b. c. 1830-Surry County, N. Carolina)
            |    |
            |    \-- Elizabeth (Money) (b. c. 1807)
            |
      /-- Lewis William Money (b. c. 1866)
      |
 /-- William Clifford Money (b. 14 Jul 1893-Yadkin County, N. Carolina)
 |    |
 |    \-- Salena Holcomb
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Naomi Ruth (Money) Powers (b. 24 May 1913-Cripple Creek, Wythe County, Va.)
 |
 \-- Lena Myrtle Graham (b. 24 Jul 1894-Pulaski, Va.)

Editor's Note: The text in this section of the Money Family Tree has been adapted from an informal research paper entitled "The Money Family of Yadkin County North Carolina and Tazewell County Virginia as Descended From Jacob Money of the French House of Monnett." This research paper was concluded in June 2000, and was written by Michael Money, Nyoka Money and Kenneth Money. My thanks to the authors.


Lewis' Origins and Childhood

It is unclear where Polly (Lewis William's mother) was living during the Civil War years (1861-1865). By 1861 she had two sons, David C. and Enoch Money. As the census record of 1870 verifies, about the year 1866 Polly would again give birth to a third son. She would name him Lewis William Money or Lewis W. Money.

Polly is certainly one of the most intriguing characters we researched throughout our composition of this document. Why would a girl in her late twenties and thirties never marry, yet become pregnant three times? She gave birth to David C in 1859, Enoch in 1861, and Lewis W. in 1866.

A corner room in the house of a sharecropper

A corner room in the house of a sharecropper, 1935. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

One possibility, which is the obvious, is that she enjoyed the attention and affection of young men who viewed her as a "promiscuous woman" and an easy target. A girl with this reputation in her era especially would not be able to find a man to marry her. No man would ever consider marrying such a woman. Right? However this is not the opinion of the authors of this document. We hold Polly in the highest esteem and regard for her courage and resolve to raise three sons during those hard times.

Judging by her potential desire to care for these three boys after their births, we have come to the conclusion, following much research, that Polly was not intentionally a "promiscuous woman." The census records show that she could not read or write. Even future census records, till her death, indicate she could never read and write. She may have had a mental impairment that would have kept her from learning to read and write, even if she had the opportunity. Polly may have been a very attractive young lady, humble in nature which may have caused her to be easy prey for unscrupulous men in the area. With the death of her father, there was no one to keep a watchful eye on Polly to see that she was not taken advantage of against her will.

We feel that Polly, even with her speculated limitations, did have the ability to perform household duties. The next three census records seem to indicate that she did everything possible to care for her boys but could not make ends meet. Can we imagine what it must have been like in 1870 for a woman to be raising three sons when she could not read and write? Where did she work? How did she keep food on the table for her children? Remember there is no mention of her parents or siblings in this census. One would therefore infer that her siblings were no longer in the area and her parents were dead. What a challenge Polly must have been facing!

The issue of Enoch and Lewis W. Money raise a couple of important questions:

  1. Who was the father of Enoch and Lewis W?
  2. Why did they not have Bastardy Bonds issued for them?

Beginning with Enoch, if the 1900 census is correct, he was born in January 1861. Little David C. Money was born only a year and a half prior to Enoch. Was David Collins his father as well? Enoch Money died on April 20, 1916 and the father listed on his death certificate is "David Money" and his mother listed as "Unknown." We have speculated that "David Money" could be a cross with "David" Collins. We discussed this issue with Betty Groce, our cousin and the granddaughter of Enoch, and she agreed this could be very possible.

Could David Collins have also been the father of Enoch, and, possibly, Lewis W. Money? He was born about 1866 by some records and as early as 1864 by others. Recalling the 1850 census, there were three Collins boys, Obadiah, David and Lewis W. All three Collins boys joined the Confederate Army.

Father and son Civil War soldiers off to war

Father and son Civil War soldiers off to war, circa 1863. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

David Collins fought bravely in the 38th North Carolina Regiment, Co. B for the entire War before surrendering at Appomattox with Lee's Army on April 9, 1865. His name is listed on the parole list from Appomattox. According to his war record, the time from April 11, 1864 till September 18, 1864 records him as "deserted." Desertion on a Civil War record was not always considered a dishonorable act. Sometimes the soldier returned at a later date to continue his service to his country. This absence was more of an "extended leave" than a desertion. They often had to go home for a time or had to leave for many reasons (harvest the crops or a family emergency). Could David have visited with Polly after he was paroled in the spring of 1865? If so, he could have been the father of Lewis W.

Lewis W. Collins served in the same unit, enlisted on the same day as David, on October 16, 1861. Lewis W. Collins was AWOL between October 1, 1862 and March-April 1863 when he returned to duty. Interestingly, one of the records shows Lewis W. Money as being born about February 1864. March-April 1863 till February 1864 is very close to the nine month gestation period for a child! Could Lewis W. Collins be the father of Lewis William Money if he was born in February 1864? Various records have Lewis W. Money as being born from 1863-1866. The majority point to 1865 or 1866.

Again, it is all speculation from which one could draw a number of conclusions. All the Collins boys were married, David and Lewis W. directly after the War. If David or Lewis W. was the father of Lewis W. Money, Polly became pregnant shortly before their marriages. Promiscuity was not as common in the 1800s as in today's society. In those days it was a family shame. Again the birth of one child out of wedlock may have been accepted, but for a young girl to have three children, would lead one to acknowledge something more that promiscuity was the driving force. Thus it is very possible none of the Collins boys were Lewis or Enoch's father.

In response to the second question posed about why no Bastardy Bonds were issued for Enoch and Lewis W., it is very likely that Allen was either very ill or dead by this time.

Perhaps, with the War and all the turmoil, Polly may not have been close to home when Enoch or Lewis W were born. With all the turmoil and unrest in the United States and abroad, a Bastardy Bond was probably the least of concerns when many people were wondering where they would get their next meal, although the records do show some Bonds being issued during this time period. Again it is pure speculation, but chances are that Allen was ill or deceased, the other siblings on their own, and we are not sure about Elizabeth. Possibly, she too, was deceased or moved away with one of the other children to another area, and Polly had no one to speak for her and no money to take the father (or fathers) to court!

As time marched into the future for the Money family, the 1870 Yadkin County census Buckshoals Township records the following:

NameAge
Mary Money39
David C.11
Enoch9
Lewis W.4

This census record tells the story of the situation. Mary "Polly" Money was on her own with the three boys. This census would have their birthdates at roughly 1831, 1859, 1861, and 1866. She could not read and write, was likely a slow learner, and probably spent many days wondering where they would get the next meal. Allen and Elizabeth are not listed in this census. This leads us to the conclusion they were deceased or possibly moved out of the area, the latter most unlikely. The simple fact that Polly was struggling in 1870 with three boys is one reason our research has concluded that she loved and cared for David C, Enoch, and Lewis W. but did not have the skills to find a job to provide the necessities to keep her family unit intact.

Research for this document could not find any mention of the family until 1876. Again, thanks to Jack Money, he obtained a document from the Money Message Board via the Internet, which was an "Indenture for Yadkin County" for Lewis W. Money. The document reads: William Lewis Money, orphan, 12 years and 3 months old, indentured to William Spillman, to be provided for, to learn farming, and to serve Spillman until William was 21 years old. Date: May 1, 1876.

Jack Money notes that this was a common arrangement made by the county commissioners so that the child would not starve, and wouldn't become a burden to the county. He notes that some children indentured at this time were often much younger.

Following the end of the Civil War in 1865 continuing into the 1870s, the United States was again in turmoil. Lincoln was shot only five days after Lee's surrender and the Vice-President Andrew Johnson assumed power of the White House. He and the legislative branch of government spent the next 3 1/2 years in bitter conflict from 1865-1868 leading to Johnson's impeachment. Andrew Johnson (1868) and William Jefferson Clinton (1998) are the only two Presidents to face this process. North Carolina was readmitted into the Union in 1868. This era, known as "Reconstruction" was very bitter for the Southern States as Yankee occupants and "carpetbaggers" flooded into the South to take control. Ulysses S. Grant was elected President in 1868 and served until Rutherford B. Hayes election in 1876 and inauguration in 1877. Hayes would sign the order in 1877 to pull the last Northern occupation troops out of the Southern States still occupied. Even then many people were strapped with bitterness which still haunts our country in some respects even into the 21st century!


Lewis' Young Adulthood and Marriage

It is likely that Polly simply could not provide for three children by 1876. She had been struggling for at least six years (since 1870) that we clearly have documented. She most likely had been struggling since around 1860 or shortly following after the birth of Enoch. It must have been heart wrenching for Polly to indenture Lewis W. to William Spillman, but at least she knew he would have food on the table and a place to live from day to day. By 1880 she also had to indenture her life simply for survival. The 1880 census recorded four households in Yadkin County of relevance to our family lineage. From this census, the name, race, gender, age, and relationship to the head of household will be given:

NameRaceGenderAgeStatus
William Spillmanwhitemale39head/farmer
Parmeliawhitefemale37wife
Alfonso?whitemale3son
Janewhitefemale1daughter
Ruthwhitefemale80mother
Rachel Shorewhitefemale15servant
Lewis Moneywhitemale15servant

According to the above table, Mr. Spillman's children were too young to work the farm. Lewis W. was the only male listed beside Mr. Spillman who would have been old enough to handle farming (raising and harvesting crops) and possibly caring for livestock. Rachel most likely was a house servant with Mrs. Spillman to care for the children and Ruth who was eighty years old. For their hard work Lewis and Rachel received a room, food, and limited necessities to work at the Spillman household. Interestingly Rachel was a "Shore." This household number was #159 in the Forbush Township of Yadkin County.

Household #201 in the Booneville Township recorded the following:

NameRaceGenderAgeStatus
William Hambrickwhitemale21head / farmer
Susanwhitefemale19wife
Robert Lwhitemale7 monthsson
Salina Holcombwhitefemale11servant

Salina (correctly spelled Salena) will become Lewis W. Money's wife in 1888. It is imperative to notice that she too was a servant in 1880. Both Lewis and Salena will have come from a background of being servants. This may have been one of the magnets that attracted them to one another. Once together, they may have dreamed of a better life. We can again only speculate on how they met and decided to marry.

A sharecropper woman milks a cow

A sharecropper woman milks a cow. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

Again this must have been a hard life to live. Living on their own (Polly and her boys) apparently could not survive in a world which was not especially kind to women. Imagine a woman who could not read or write trying to provide a home and food for her three children who probably could not read or write. Polly and Lewis W. were split apart and indentured to have food, clothes and shelter. Although in the same county, they were not together. They may have gotten to see one another on an occasional Sunday when work was scarce at their households and they had a little free time. Chances are this was about the only time available for Polly to see her boys.

Finally the situation of David C. Money, Polly's oldest son, is also unknown. He would have been about twenty-one years old in 1880. It is likely he moved out of Yadkin County or he could have died. The 1900 census record indicates Polly was living in the household with Enoch, his wife and children. She is listed as the mother of three, with two surviving. She is also listed as single.

The decades of the 1880s and 1890s in America carried over from the economic changes that occurred in the 1870s following the Civil War. "Big Business" was the rule of the day with the Vanderbilt Family, J. Pierpont Morgan, Andrew Carnegie, and John D. Rockefeller, leading the charge. Between the monopoly on railroads, oil, and steel, these families ruled the majority of the nation's wealth. Unions and wage strikes were common during this era. Trolleys and electric trains advanced the modes of travel for many and trade and advancement drew people to the cities to sell their goods. Cities such as San Francisco and New York exploded with population. Horse and buggy were being replaced in the metro cities by streetcar and railroad. Approaching 1900 a huge wave of immigration took place, as people sought out a better world to work and raise a family in booming America. Many rural areas changed little with the exception of declining population to the cities. Even Enoch and his family moved to Winston-Salem for work after the turn of the 20th century. The Spanish-American War broke out in 1898 with America the clear victor within a year. The years 1880-1900 were probably the fastest time of technological change than any other next to our modern era in the early 21st century.

Between the 1880 census and 1886, there were no recorded documents (land transactions, marriage, birth, death, or wills) that we could locate on our branch of the Money family. The year 1886 would begin a new generation for the Money family. This was the year that Enoch Money and Eliza Wilkins would be married. The year 1888 is the year that Lewis W. Money and Salena Holcomb were married. The following information was copied directly from the Yadkin County Marriage Register from the County Courthouse:

GroomBrideGroom's ParentsBride's ParentsDate of Marriage
Enoch MoneyEliza WilkinsPolly MoneyWilliam and Polly WilkinsAugust 19, 1886
GroomBrideGroom's ParentsBride's ParentsDate of Marriage
Lewis W. MoneySalena HolcombPolly MoneyMcCoyer and Elizabeth HolcombJanuary 15, 1888

The only information given for Enoch and Lewis W. Money's parents was Polly Money. The father is not listed on either document. Regardless, this was a new beginning for Enoch and Lewis and their wives. Enoch's marriage, in Yadkin County, would indicate that if he left the area, he returned to marry and settle in the community and raise his family. Enoch spent his life in North Carolina. He is buried in the Mountain View Baptist Church Cemetery with his wife Eliza and mother Polly.


Lewis' Adult Years

From 1886 till 1900, we have no recorded documents on Enoch. From Lewis W. and Salena's marriage in 1888, we have no recorded documents for them until 1905. We call this time period the "lost years" of the family. One reason is the absence of the 1890 census records of which the majority was destroyed by fire in January 1921 in the Commerce Building in Washington, DC. The 1900 census records Enoch and his family status, but no land records, birth, wills, or any such records can be found for the period during the 1890s.

As for Lewis W., he will not be seen again until March 22, 1905 in a land deed involving land from Yadkin County. His status is recorded as L. W. Money of Grayson County, Virginia. He is recorded in the Wythe County Virginia census of 1910 with Salena and his family. Several of his children were born in the 1890s with the two oldest boys, Claymen and William Clifford, born in North Carolina. This lineage of the Money family still has surviving grandchildren of Lewis W. Money which are the descendants of his son, William Clifford Money.

Having discussed Enoch and his family until the time of his death in 1916, our attention again shifts to Lewis W. Money who by our account, appears to be absent from any records we obtained between 1888 and 1905. As the 1910 Wythe County Virginia records will show, he must have departed North Carolina for Virginia from 1894-1897. To date it is unknown where he first settled in Virginia.

What we have uncovered is that Lewis must have been living in Grayson County Virginia for some time following his move from North Carolina. On March 22, 1905 J.A. Bates and R.C. Bates of Yadkin Courts issued a "Deed of Conveyance" to L. W. Money of Grayson County, Virginia for $100.00. The Yadkin County Courthouse land deed record states the following:

Beginning at a stone and runs South 29 holes and links to a stone. Thence North 18 holes and 4 links to a stone then West 28 holes and 6 links to a chestnut on the back of creek. Thence North 15 holes to a white oak at the bridge. Thence East 82 degrees South 40 holes to the beginning containing 5 1/2 acres more or less and known as the estate of J.F. Money.

A farmer plows up sweet potatoes

A farmer plows up sweet potatoes. Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

If living in Grayson County, Virginia, the reason for obtaining this parcel of land in Yadkin is speculation without a primary source. Was he planning to return to North Carolina, was the purchase an excellent buy, or was he interested in buying and selling land for a profit? It is also unclear who J.F. Money was as well. Could it have been a "James F. Money" who married Ida Shore on December 27, 1894, in Yadkin County? J.F. and Ida Shore Money are buried at Longtown United Methodist Church in Yadkin County, North Carolina.

Without repeating the exact land dimensions above, L. W. Money and wife S.R. Money of Wythe County deeded that same land in Yadkin County to J.M. Chapel of Yadkin County for $125.00 paid by J.M. Chapel. This was December 28, 1906. Only a year and a half after purchasing the land, he sold the parcel for a $25 dollar profit. Lewis and his family may have been on the move, in an attempt to get established and make a good living for his family. "Wythe County" is a little farther from Yadkin than is Grayson. Maybe Lewis was seeing the pattern that they were moving farther away and the land in Yadkin would be of no profit to him. He could have also needed money which selling the land for $125.00 provided. Whatever the logic, this was the last record found of Lewis W. Money in Yadkin County.

In the early 1900s the region of Wythe County Virginia around Austinville, Ivanhoe, Poplar Camp and Cripple Creek all were well known for the iron ore mines. Even during the Civil War the lead from these mines produced thousands upon thousands of bullets for the Confederacy. It was certainly not easy work in these mines. Lewis must have moved his family to this area for more work security. The 1910 census records him as a "farmer" while his two oldest sons, Claymen and William Clifford worked in the mines. However, the marriage record for Claymen in 1911 records Lewis as a miner.

On December 13, 1907 E. A. Wampler and Letitia Wampler deeded a parcel of land to L.W. Money and S.R. Money and heirs of Wythe County Virginia. From the Wythe County Courthouse Land Deeds the following is submitted:

That for and in consideration of the sum of Two Hundred Dollars cash in hand paid the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged the said E.A. Wampler and Letitia Wampler, his wife, do grant, and bargain, and sell and convey unto the said L. W. Money, S.R. Money and heirs with covenants of general warranty all of a certain tract or parcel of land situate lying and being on Iron Mountain in the County of Wythe in the State of Virginia on the waters of Cripple Creek and bounded as follows:
Beginning at a black gum near a spring thence running west with the Virginia Iron, Coal & Coke Company land to a chestnut thence North along the Lead Mine Company's land to a hickory near the Virginia Iron. Coal, and Coke Company land, thence Eastwardly along Lead Mine Company's land to a chestnut oak on piney point, thence south with Lead Mine Company to the beginning, containing sixty acres, more or less. All right has been reserved by the Lead Mine Company on the tract of land herein mentioned.

The next mention of L.W. Money and his family will not be found until 1910, in both land deeds and the census records. Between the years 1910-1915 they were involved in several different land deals in the area. Although several land deeds will be mentioned which revolve around L.W. Money and his family, at this time in history, a new generation of the Money family is ready to move into the future. It is necessary to view the 1910 census of Wythe County Virginia to learn who these family members are, and where seeking a better life will lead them.

In searching out the 1910 Wythe County census, it is necessary to turn to the Henley's District of the County. This is the region surrounding Cripple Creek near the Wythe and Grayson County borders. The census was compiled on April 13, 1910 and states the following:

NameStatusGenderRaceAgeMarital StatusYears MarriedOccupation
William L. Moneyheadmalewhite47married23general farm
(born in NC)
Selena R.wifefemalewhite39married23(born in NC)
Claymen H.sonmalewhite21single iron ore
(born in NC)
William C.sonmalewhite17single iron ore
(born in NC)
Mary L.daufemalewhite13single (born in VA)
James McKinleysonmalewhite11single (born in VA)
Lewis Hobertsonmalewhite10single (born in VA)
John L.sonmalewhite6single (born in VA)
Hillery B.sonmalewhite1single (born in VA)
Charlie Theodoresonmalewhite12 monthssingle (born in VA)

In the column marked "occupation" it is noted that the children including Mary and younger were born in Virginia, Claymen and William C. were born in North Carolina as were their parents, William L and Salena (spelled Selena in the census).

William C (Clifford) Money was born on July 14, 1893 in Yadkin County North Carolina according to his surviving daughter Sadie (Money) Edmondson. She has the information recorded in her Bible. Mary's exact birthdate is unknown but the census points to 1897. Thus Lewis and Salena must have made the move to Virginia between the last half of 1893 and sometime in 1897.

Ella (Williams) Money (widow of Elbert Shrader Money), William Clifford's surviving daughter-in-law says, "I can remember him saying how he was born a Tar Heel. He was proud to be from North Carolina." This statement indicates his early childhood in North Carolina was pleasant. This would indicate he lived in North Carolina to an age of which he could recollect residing there.

After Lewis and Salena bought the land parcel around Cripple Creek in 1907, they bought and traded several other pieces of land in the area between 1910 and 1915. The deeds to these parcels of land indicate that Lewis W. and Salena were land owners in the Cripple Creek area and as their older children married and left home, their need for a large tract of land diminished. These are the last records found anywhere that mention Lewis and Salena. We are not sure of either of their death dates or how they died at this stage of research.


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